Indonesian Senior High School Students Oral Communication Strategy For Learning English: A Survey Study
The purpose of this study is to identify the oral communication strategies used by senior high school students when communicating in English. The respondents were 135 students studying listening and speaking in senior high school. This study used a questionnaire Oral Communication Strategies Inventory, adopted from Nakatani (2006). The questionnaire consisted of eight strategies and thirty-two statements. The students filled out a questionnaire using a Likert scale of 1 to 5 to respond to the statement. The data were analyzed using SPSS 26 and Microsoft Excel. The findings from this study are most of the students used strategies such as speaking skills, named accuracy-oriented strategies. Meanwhile, the least used strategy is attempting to think in English. The highest strategies used by students are accuracyoriented strategies (M= 3.85), social affective strategies (M= 3.78), negotiation for meaning while speaking strategies (M= 3.70), fluency-oriented strategies (M= 3.60), message abandonment strategies (M= 3.56), message reduction and alteration strategies (M= 3.37), nonverbal strategies while speaking (M= 3.36), and the lowest strategy is an attempt to think in English strategies (M= 3.19). The findings showed that most of the students pay great attention to their pronunciation and grammatical accuracy when they make mistakes in communicating so that the conversation runs smoothly, although students disagree with the attempt to think in English when communicating in English.