Subjective well-being on javanese peoples that practice pesugihan: An indigeneous psychology
Prawitasari, Johana E.
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The objective of this study is to discover the psychological dynamics of people that practice pesugihan as well as how they put meaning to this practice. Data exploration is carried out by investigating the basic motiva-tions, both intrinsic and extrinsic, of pesugihan practices. Feelings of the subjects when they practice the lelaku, including prayers, bathing in the sendang, meditation, ascetic practices (tirakat), and fasting are also investigated. It was an indigeneous psychology. This study uses a psycho-etnographic method, an ethnograph-ic method used to explore various psychological aspects. Four informers were involved in this study, consist-ing of one main informer, and three supporting informants for complementary data. Selection of the informers were conducted through purposive sampling. Data exploration was conducted by using in-depth interviews, non-participant observation, and field notes. Study validity was achieved through data triangulation methods, which involves a check and re-check of findings, by comparing them with various sources, methods and theo-ries. The results of the study demonstrate that subjective well being was present among subjects that practice pesugihan in the Mataram Kings’ tomb. Mrs. Tiyem had higher subjective well being compared to the other informers, followed by Mr. Suta, Mr. Ino, and Mr. Rama. The concepts of subjective well being based on the informers’ perspectives, were obtained in the study, including nrimo ing pandum, money’s not everything, live harmoniously and happily, and everything becomes easier. The final result of the study raises the understand-ing that subejcts who practice pesugihan are local beliefs that bring positive effects resulting in calm souls, pu-rified souls, feelings of comfort, healthy body, bright appearance, clear thoughts, and worried thoughts be-come calmer. Moreover pesugihan practices may function as coping mechanisms for informers in dealing with their lives. In other words pesugihan may be viewd as a way to survive in running their lives..
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