PERIODONTITIS AND CORONARY HEART DISEASE
Juliantina Rachmawaty, Farida
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Periodontitis is a serious infection or inflammation of the gums that involves the destruction of soft tissues and bones supporting the teeth. The causes of periodontitis are some species of gram-negative bacteria colonizing on : · dental plaque in the subgingival area. Research reports, the disease not only has local effects. Other researchers report that people with the periodontal infection have a higher risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) than those who do not suffer. Research shows that periodontitis sufferers are 1.5-4 tin1es more likely to develop cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death for non-infectious diseases. In periodontal infections there is an increase in C-reactive protein and proinflainn1atory activity, but HDL-cholesterol is lower than control. The presence of such infections affects the endothelial cells, blood coagulation, fat metabolisnl and Inonocytes or macrophages. Poor oral health will increase the incidence of periodontitis infection. Periodontitis increases the risk of coronary heart disease.