Hubungan Tekanan Darah dengan Tekanan Intraokular pada Pasien RS Mata DR Yap Yogyakarta
Nuzul Rizki Dermawan
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Background : Intraocular pressure is one of the main indicator in diagnosing glaucoma, a disease that lead to many blindness in the world. The factor that also influence the rise and fall of the intraocular pressure is the blood pressure, which is one of the vital sign in humans. Objective : To find out the relationship between blood pressure and intraocular pressure in patients at Dr. YAP Hospital in Yogyakarta. Methods : This research is an analytic non-experimental research, using cross- sectional method. The population sample in this research are in-patients whose blood pressure was measured and considered as high based on JNC VII (2003), systolic > 139 mmHg atau diastolic > 89 mmHg, along with the intraocular pressure within a period of 1 year from 1st January 2011 untul 1st January 2012. Data is taken from their medical record consecutively, therefore it is considered consecutive sampling, from 30 medical records. Data is analyzed using SPSS 17,0 with Chi-Square Test method. Result : Majority patients with high intraocular pressure also have high blood pressure (62,90%), with female gender (60%), age > 40 years old (85,70%), mostly with hypermetrophy (24,32%), and negative history of diabetes mellitus (80%). Bivariate analysis of this study showed a statistically significant relationship between blood pressure and intraocular pressure with p value = 0.018, RP = 1.69 with 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 1.051 to 3.672. Conclusion : There is a meaningful relationship statistically between blood pressure and intraocular pressure in patients at Dr Yap Hospital in Yogyakarta.
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