Antibiotic rationality on pneumonia treatment to pediatric patients at Sultan Syarif Mohamad Alkadrie hospital Pontianak
Yuswar, Muhammad Akib
Wulandari, Diny Sitti
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In Indonesia, pneumonia is the third cause of death after cardiovascular disease and tuberculosis. Based on data from Health Department in Pontianak, 35% pneumonia cases are from 4000 Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI) patients. This study aimed to evaluate the rationality treatment to pediatric patients with pneumonia in Sultan Syarif Mohamad Alkadrie Hospital Pontianak. The type of this research is an observational study with cross-sectional design and purposive sampling technique, data collections was obtained retrospectively from 20 pediatric patient medical record during 2015. The result highlights class of mostly used antibiotic that is cephalosporin. The result showed that between the variation of administration route and length of stay had a weak relation, but both of administration variation route gave same length of stay. The rationality parameters including appropriate indication 100%, appropriate drug 100%, appropriate dose 95%, and appropriate administration 100%. The conclusions of this study were the treatment of pneumonia for pediatric patients already rational and i.v route is more recommended to be administered rather than i.v followed by oral route.