An Analysis of Intention to Participate National Health Insurance (JKN) Independently Based on Perceptions of Generic Drugs
Akbar, Depy Oktapian
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Indonesia has been officially implemented National Health Insurance (JKN) system that guarantee the health services for participants that obtain health care benefits and protection to meet the basic needs of health. Unfortunately, the data of District Banjar only shows 39, 08% of the population who have Health Insurance. So far, the study of public interest in participation of JKN independently has done quite a lot, but the analysis of intention to be a participant of JKN independently has not been much studied in relation to generic drug. Generally, people often identify JKN with generic drug. In JKN’s era, the generic drug has bad perception by many observers. The purpose of the study is to analyze generic drug perception of population in Banjar district, intention to participate of JKN independently participation, and relationship both of them. This research used cross-sectional survey with a total sample of 196 respondents. Data were collected by using questionnaire based on Likert scale. Data was analyzed using descriptive test and bivariate test (chisquare test with Kolmogorov-Smirnov test as alternative test). Results of the research showed that majority of respondents, 172 respondents (87,94%) have good perception of generic drug. The average score based on three dimensions safety (3,04), efficacy (2,82), and acceptability (2,82) showed good perception of generic drugs in each dimension. Characteristics of respondents who have a significant relationship to the respondent’s perception are age (p-value =0,000), income (p-value =0,000), educational level (p-value =0,001), and the main source of information about medicine (p-value =0,017). Most respondents, 132 respondents (67,13%) stated willing to become JKN participants independently. Bivariate test showed respondent’s generic drug perception is significantly influenced by the intention to JKN participate independently (p-value 0,000).