Karakteristik Pasien Mioma Uteri di Rumah Sakit Pku Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Periode 1 Januari 2011 – 31 Desember 2011
Maharani, Ventin Mutia
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Background: Myoma uteri are the most common uterine benign neoplasm found in the woman. Myoma is usually found about 20-25% of reproductive age, it is rare before puberty and may regress after menopause. Myoma uteri are often asymptomatic. Prevalence in the UK and in Italy are increased. Objective: To know the characteristics of myoma uteri in the clinic based age, parity, abortion history, major symptoms, location, anemia or no, total of myomas, and management. Methodology: This study is a descriptive observational-cross sectional study to examine the characteristics of myoma uteri in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Hospital period 1 January 2011-31 December 2011. The data taken of secondary data (medical record). Sample selection using total sample. Result: Of the 29 samples, myoma uteri are found in the age group 40-49 years (55.2%), while the least was found in the age group 20-29 years (3.4%). Myoma uteri are found in patients with parity nullipara (P0) and the number of parity 2 (P2) respectively (24.1%) while the least was found in patients with the number of parity 4 (P4), (13.8%). Patients without abortion history was found as 89.66%, while abortion history 1-2 times was found in 10.34%. The major symptoms patients myoma uteri are abdominal lump as much as 58.7% and followed abnormal uterine bleeding as much as 13.8%. A total of 68.96% obtained no information about the location of myoma uteri in medical record. This is a limitation of the study. Myoma intramural found as much as 10,34%. A total of 51.7% of patients myoma uteri accompanied anemia and 65,52% of patients had a single myoma. The most management of myoma uteri was total hysterectomy (55.2%). Conclusion: Myoma is most found in the age groups 40-49 years. Increasing number of parity the less cases were found. Most patients myomas without a abortion history. The most major symptoms is abdominal lump. Location of myomas are difficult to determine. Most myomas are found with single myoma and the most management was total hysterectomy.
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