DIFFERENT QIRAAT AND ITS IMPLICATION IN DIFFERENT OPINION OF ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE
Purwanto, Muhammad Roy
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Al- Qur'an is the sacred book of Islam. It has also been called, in English, the Koran and the Quran. Qur'an is the currently preferred English transliteration of the Arabic original (قرآن); it means “recitation”. Although it is referred to as a "book", when a Muslim refers to the Qur'an, they are referring to the actual text, the words, rather than the printed work itself. Muslims believe that the Qur'an available today is the same as that revealed to Prophet Muhammad and by him to his followers, who memorized his words. Scholars accept that the version of the Qur'an used today was first compiled in writing by the third Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan. He sent copies of his version to the various provinces of the new Muslim empire, and directed that all variant copies be destroyed. Infact, according to Zamahsyari, different readings of holy Qu’an carries big implication in different opinion in Islamic jurisprudence. For example, many scholars have different opinions in problem of breaking abolution. Syafi’i said that touching women caused breaking abolution and Hanafi and Maliki said that touching women does not caused breaking abolution. The source of problem is because of different reading in Qur’an, surah al-Nisa’, verse 43; the wold (لََمستم النساء ). Syafi’i have read that verse by لمستم النساء , it means touching women, while Hanafi and Maliki have read that verse by لامستم النساء, it means coitus, not touching woment. In Islamic law perspective, different qiraat makes different opinion and meaning in Islamic jurisprudence. So, many possibilities for Moslem people to choose which one opinion is suitable with the conditions.