Acculturation among Local Wisdom, Law and Sufism in Forming Martabat Tujuh Enactment of Buton Sultanate
Purwanto, Muhammad Roy
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This paper explores the acculturation of Local Wisdom, Law and Sufism in Forming Martabat Tujuh Enactment of Buton Sultanate in Southeast Sulawesi. Buton as kingdom lasted for over two centuries (1327-1541) and then continued with a sultanate era for more than four centuries (1541-1960). During the era of sultanate, Buton was acquainted with the script and literary tradition. Buton in the past was a region filled with intellectual avtivity and spiritual exploration passion. There were hundreds manuscripts in Buton. The most popular of them, is called by Martabat Tujuh. It is the Constitution of Buton people regulating social, religion, custom and goverment activities. It is very interesting because Martabat Tujuh as Sultanate’s constitution was result of interrelation and acculturation of Local Wisdom, Law and Sufism. The Method used in this paper is descriptive method, which describe an event or system of thought to describe phenomena that exist, both of wich occured in the past and at the present time. In this case described are the facts or state of Buton, the process of acculturation, and Martabat Tujuh. The paper explains the correlation among Local Wisdom, Law and Sufism in Forming Martabat Tujuh as an Enactment of Buton.
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