Pra Rancangan Pabrik Biodiesel dari Distilat Asam Lemak Minyak Sawit dan Methanol Kapasitas 80.000 Ton/Tahun
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Preliminary design of Biodiesel with capacity 80,000 ton year is a plant to be built in Deli Serdang, South Sumatera. In the area of land 18.625 m². This chemical plant will be operated for 330 day year or 24 hours a day with 139 employees. Raw material needed is palm fatty acid distillate 7547.7891 ton year and Metanol 8504.7007 ton/year. The production process will be operated at temperature 70ºC, at pressure about of 1 atm using Continuous Steared Tank Reaktor (CSTR). The utility consist of 346.387,7870 kg hour of cooling water, 680,92372 kg/hour of steam, 72.940,032 liter hour of diesel fuel while the power of electricity of about 332,7580 kwh provided by PLN. This chemical plant also use generator set as reserve. An economic analysis shows that this chemical plant need to be covered by total fixed capital of about Rp. 319.204.426.443.40 total working capital of about Rp. 485.840.978.550,08 Percentage of return on investemen (ROT) before tax is 27,3266% while after tax is 16,3959% Pay out time (POT) before tax is 2,6791 years while after tax is 3,7885 years. The value of break evek point (BEP) is for about 57,07 % and shut down point (SDP) is of about 36,65 % Based on the economic analysis, It is concluded that plant design of Biodiesel with capacity 80,000 ton years is visible to be built.
- Chemical Engineering