Literature Review: The Development of E-Court System Technology as a Transformation of Indonesian Law in the COVID-19 Pandemic Era
Radhya E.A, M. Kenza
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The COVID-19 pandemic causes changes in behavior and conditions in almost all parts of the world. Many habits of the community have changed. One sector that is affected is the aspect of justice, in which trials are postponed because they cannot conduct face-to-face trials so that the quality of the trial has declined. In this case the Supreme Court changed the trial from offline to online with the issuance of Regulation Number 1 of 2019 concerning the Administration of Cases and Trials in Courts Electronically. Internal constraints within the judiciary include human resources, infrastructure, and the provision of adequate internet networks that contribute to the arrangement of e-Court effectively and efficiently. The research used in this study was a literature review study with the keywords of e-court, e-litigation and e-justice obtained from the Google search engine, DOAJ and the Oneway library. In regard to this matter, it is necessary to conduct a literature study that can be used as a starting point for the e-court system in Indonesia. The case studies used the combined TOL and MBA trial systems. TOL had advantages in resolving court problems and was proven to be effective in security, time and cost. Meanwhile, MBA system had better security standards. The integration of these methods can be carried on so as to create a new e-court method that can be realized and applied in Indonesia. TOL was proven to be effective in trial management, time and costs, while MBA had advantages in security systems. Thus, this integration was very effective so that the court system in Indonesia needs to formulate this system.
- Faculty of Law